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Third Party Certification

Glossary of Terms

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
A

Accreditation:
Procedure by which an authoritative body gives formal recognition that a body or person is competent to carry out specific tasks.

Accreditation Body:
(LABORATORY)
Body that conducts and administers a laboratory accreditation system and grants accreditation.
Notes: An accreditation body may wish to delegate fully or partially the assessment of a testing laboratory to another competent body (assessment agency). Whilst it is recognized that this may be a practical solution to extending recognition of testing laboratories, it is essential that such assessment be equivalent to that applied by the accreditation body and that the accreditation body take full responsibility for such extended accreditation.

Accredited:
(LABORATORY)
Testing laboratory to which accreditation has been granted.

Accreditation Criteria:
(LABORATORY)
Set of requirements that is used by an accreditation body, to be fulfilled by a testing laboratory in order to be accredited.

Accreditation System:
(LABORATORY)
System that has its own rules of procedure and management for carrying out laboratory accreditation.

Applicant:
Person or body that seeks to obtain a license from a certification body.

Assurance Of Conformity:
Procedure resulting in a statement giving confidence that a product, process or service fulfills specified requirements.
Notes: For a product, the statement may be in the form of a document, label or other equivalent means. It may also be printed in or applied on a communication, a catalogue, an invoice, a user's instruction manual, etc. relating to the product.

Authority:
Body that has legal powers and rights.
Note: An authority can be regional, national or local.

B
Body:
Legal or administrative entity that has specific tasks and composition.

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C
Certificate of Conformity:
Document issued under the rules of a certification system, indicating that adequate confidence is provided that a duly identified product, process or service is in conformity with a specific standard or other normative document.

Certification:
Procedure by which a third party gives written assurance that a product, process or service conforms to specified requirements.

Certification Body:
Body that conducts certification conformity.
Notes: A certification body may operate its own testing and inspection activities or oversee these activities carried out on its behalf of other bodies.

Certification System:
System that has its own rules of procedure and management for carrying out certification of conformity.
Notes:

  1. Certification systems may be operated at, for example, national, regional or international level
  2. The central body that conducts and administers a certification system may decentralize its activities and rights to certify conformity.

Certification Scheme:
Certification system as related to specified products, processes or services to which the same particular standards and rules, and the same procedure, apply.
Note: The term "certification program" is used in some countries to cover the same concept as "certification scheme".

Code:
An enforceable regulation.

Conformity:
Fulfillment of specified requirements.
Note: The above definition is valid for the purposes of quality standards. The term "conformity" is defined differently in ISO/IEC Guide 2.

Conformity Assessment:
Any activity concerned with determining directly or indirectly that relevant requirements are fulfilled.
Note: Examples of conformity-assessment activities are sampling, testing and inspection, evaluation, verification and assurance of conformity (supplier's declaration, certification), registration, accreditation and approval as well as their combinations.

Conformity, Assurance Of:
Procedure resulting in a statement giving confidence that a product, process or service fulfills specified requirements.
Note: For a product, the statement may be in the form of a document, a label or other equivalent means. It may also be printed in or applied on a communication, a catalogue, an invoice, a user instructions, manual, etc. relating to the product.

Conformity, Evaluation For:
Systematic examination of the extent to which a product, process or service fulfills specified requirements.

Conformity Surveillance:
Evaluation for conformity to determine the continuing conformity with specified requirements.

Conformity Testing:
Evaluation for conformity by means of testing.

Conformity, Verification Of:
Confirmation, by examination of evidence, that a product, process or service fulfills specified requirements.

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D
Dependability:
Collective term used to describe the availability performance and its influencing factors: reliability performance, maintainability performance and maintenance-support performance.
Notes:

  1. Dependability is used only for general descriptions in non-quantitative terms.
  2. Dependability is one of the time-related aspects of quality.
  3. The definition of dependability and note 1 given above are taken from IEC 50(191), which also includes related terms and definitions.

G
Grade:
Category or rank given to entities having the same functional use but different requirements for quality.
Notes:

  1. Grade reflects a planned or recognized difference in requirements for quality. The emphasis is on the functional use and cost relationship.
  2. A high-grade entity (e.g. a luxurious hotel) can be of unsatisfactory quality and vice versa.

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I
Inspection:
Evaluation for conformity by measuring, observing testing or gauging the relevant characteristics.

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L
Laboratory Assessment:
Examination of a testing laboratory to evaluate its compliance with specific laboratory accreditation criteria.

Laboratory Assessor:
Person who carries out some or all functions related to laboratory assessment.

License:
(FOR CERTIFICATION)
Document, issued under the rules of a certification system, by which a certification body grants to a person or body the right to use certificates or marks of conformity for its products, process or services in accordance with the rules of the relevant certification scheme.

Licensee:
(FOR CERTIFICATION)
Person or body to which a certification body has granted a license.

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M
Mark Of Conformity:
(FOR CERTIFICATION)
Protected mark, applied or issued under the rules of certification system, indicating that adequate confidence is provided that the relevant product, process or service is in conformity with a specific standard or other normative document.

P
Product Standard:
Standard that specifies requirements to be fulfilled by a product or a group of products, to establish its fitness for purpose.

Note: A product standard may include in addition to the fitness for purpose requirements, directly or by reference, aspects such as terminology, sampling, testing, packaging and labeling and, sometimes, processing requirements.

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Q
Quality:
Totality of characteristics of an entity that bear on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs.

R
Recognition Arrangement:
Agreement that is based on the acceptance by one party of results, presented by another party, from the implementation of one or more designated functional elements of a certification system.
Notes:

  1. Typical examples of recognition arrangements are testing arrangements, inspection arrangements and certification arrangements.
  2. Recognition arrangements may be established at, for example, national, regional or international level.

Registration:
Procedure by which a body indicates relevant characteristics of a product, process or service, or particulars of a body or person, in an appropriate, publicly available list.

Regulation:
Document providing binding legislative rules, that is adopted by an authority.

Regulatory Authority:
Authority that is responsible for preparing and adopting regulations.

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S
Standard:
Document, established by consensus and approved by a recognized body, that provides for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context.
Note: Standards should be based on the consolidated results of science, technology and experience, and aimed at the promotion of optimum community benefits.

Standards Body:
Standardizing body recognized at national, regional or international level, that has as a principal function, by virtue of its statutes, the preparation, approval or adoption of standards that are made available to the public.
Note: A standards body may also have other principal functions.

Suppliers Declaration:
Procedure by which a supplier gives written assurance that a product, process or service conforms to specified requirements.

Note: In order to avoid any confusion, the expression "self-certification" should not be used.
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T
Test:
Technical operation that consists of the determination of one or more characteristics of a given product, process or service according to a specified procedure.

Testing:
Action of carrying out one or more tests.

Test Method:
Specified technical procedure for performing a test.

Test Report:
Document that presents test results and other information relevant to a test.

Testing Laboratory:
Laboratory that performs tests.
Note: The term "testing laboratory" can be used in the sense of a legal entity, a technical entity or both.

Third Party:
Person or body that is recognized as being independent of the parties involved, as concerns the issue in question.